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ISSUE DATE: 03/2018

There are 2 types of in-kind income:

The unit receives something tangible, other than cash, for performing a service. For example, the unit receives food in exchange for labor.

Determine if compensation to apartment building caretakers is in-kind income or earned income. If the person receives a paycheck with an amount for rent deducted, the gross earnings are earned income, not in-kind income.

The unit receives non-cash gifts, such as gift cards, food, shelter, or clothing.

A client’s cash benefits paid to a representative payee and spent on behalf of the client are not in-kind income but are considered available income to the client.

Payments to a 3rd party on a client's behalf are vendor payments. See 0017.15.27 (Vendor Payments as Income).


Count in-kind income as earned income.


Follow MFIP. After the initial DWP determination, do not count any unanticipated income the unit may receive.


Exclude in-kind income.

Count the value of in-kind earnings as earned income if the unit has a choice of receiving cash or in-kind income.


For SSI recipients, no action is required. See 0017 (Determining Gross Income), 0029.06.03 (Supplemental Security Income Program).

For non-SSI recipients, count in-kind income as earned income. Count the value of any In-kind Support and Maintenance (ISM) that makes the person ineligible for SSI as unearned income.


For SSI recipients, follow MSA.

For non-SSI recipients, follow GA.

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