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Minnesota Department of Human Services Combined Manual
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WHO IS EXEMPT FROM SNAP WORK REGISTRATION

ISSUE DATE: 04/2018

MFIP, DWP, MSA, GA, GRH:
No provisions.


SNAP:

Federal regulations require that all non-exempt adult SNAP participants register for work. In Minnesota, work registration is automatically accomplished when a unit member signs the Combined Application Form (CAF) when applying for the SNAP program. The adult who signs the CAF registers all adults in the SNAP unit who are required to register for work.

A participant’s work registration exemption status must be redetermined at least annually, and must be coded on the MAXIS system. The state then reports to the federal government the number of participants who are exempt from work registration and the number who are not exempt. The federal government uses this information to determine the amount of federal funding Minnesota receives for SNAP E&T services.

Although work registration is not a component of the SNAP E&T program (it is a national SNAP program requirement), there is a close relationship between work registration and SNAP E&T. SNAP participants who are exempt from work registration are also exempt from SNAP E&T participation. See 0028.06.03 (Who Must Participate in Empl. Services/SNAP E&T), 0028.06.10 (Who Is Exempt From SNAP E&T). However, some people are required to register for work even though they are exempt from participating in SNAP E&T.

A participant becomes exempt from SNAP work registration (and from mandatory SNAP E&T participation) as soon as the participant meets the provisions of an exemption. EXCEPT as provided below, a participant who no longer meets the provisions of an exemption from work registration becomes mandatory for SNAP E&T the beginning of the next month.

The following people are exempt from SNAP work registration:

Unfit for Employment is defined as someone physically or mentally unfit for employment. This exemption is for those who have a mental or physical illness which limits the individual from being able to obtain or retain employment. The following persons are considered to be unfit for Employment:

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Individuals having a mental or physical illness, injury or incapacity which impairs the individual’s ability to obtain or retain employment as evidenced by professional certification or the receipt of temporary or permanent disability benefits issued by a private or government source. Professional certification means a statement about a person’s illness, injury, or incapacity that is signed by a Qualified Professional with training and experience to diagnose and to certify the person’s condition.

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Persons who are SSI applicants. In cases where the SNAP applicant or recipient has applied for SSI, and the reason for unfitness for employment is not observable, allow the use of this work registration exemption if documentation is necessary and is provided. Verification of unfitness for employment is to be obtained for physical or mental unfitness when necessary. This verification of their unfitness for employment should be from a qualified professional. See 0011.39 (Qualified Professionals) for details about who is a qualified professional. Document in MAXIS CASE/NOTEs the conversation with the client and that they meet this work registration exemption. Place the detailed documentation of the exemption in the case file.

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Persons who have an injury that is observed or if information about a surgery or recuperation of a surgery is provided by the client. Document in MAXIS CASE/NOTEs the conversation with the client and that they meet this work registration exemption. Place the detailed documentation of the exemption in the case file. See 0010.18.06 (Verifying Disability/Incapacity - SNAP), Step 3.

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Persons receiving a VA disability from the Veteran’s Administration regardless of the percentage of the disability rating.

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A person is unfit for employment if he/she is currently homeless. Homeless is specifically defined for this purpose as:

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Lacking a fixed and regular nighttime residence, including temporary housing situations.

AND

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Lacking access to work-related necessities (i.e. shower or laundry facilities, etc.).

Document in MAXIS CASE/NOTEs the conversation with the client and the details about how they meet this work registration exemption.

Responsible for the care of a person who is professionally certified as having a mental or physical illness, injury, or incapacity. Verification that the incapacitated person is professionally certified as having a mental or physical illness, injury, or incapacity is not needed unless questionable. The incapacitated person does NOT need to be in the same SNAP unit or live in the same home as the work registrant. Eligibility for this exemption requires the work registrant give the information listed below verbally or in writing:

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Name of the incapacitated person.

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Number of hours and days per week that care of this incapacitated person is provided.

In order for this Work Registration exemption to be used, compare the amount of time care is provided to the amount of time that the work registrant is available to work or participate in SNAP Employment & Training (E&T) Activities. The ABAWD work requirement is 20 hours/week, averaged 80 hours/month. This work registration exemption should be used only when the amount of care provided for the incapacitated person is equal to or more than 20 hours/week, averaged 80 hours/month. Consult with your Employment Service SNAP E&T Provider if there are questions about whether the SNAP recipient is available to participate in SNAP E&T activities.

Document in MAXIS CASE/NOTEs the conversation with the client and that they meet this work registration exemption. Place the detailed documentation of the exemption in the case file including the name of the incapacitated person and the number of hours and days per week that care of the incapacitated person is provided by the work registrant.

Age 60 or older.

Under age 16.

Age 16 or 17 and living with a parent or caregiver, or attending school or enrolled in an employment training program at least half-time.

Responsible for the care of a person who is a dependent child under age 6 (even if child care is available). A child under age 6 does NOT need to be in the same SNAP unit or live in the same home as the work registrant. When this child does not live in the same home, eligibility for this exemption requires the work registrant to provide the following information verbally or in writing:

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Child’s name.

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Child’s birthdate.

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Number of hours and days per week that the care of the child under 6 is provided.

In order for this work registration exemption to be used, compare the amount of time care is provided to the amount of time that the work registrant is available to work or participate in SNAP Employment & Training (E&T) Activities. The ABAWD work requirement is 20 hours/week, averaged 80 hours/month. This work registration exemption should be used only when the amount of care provided for the child is equal to or more than 20 hours/week, averaged 80 hours/month.

Consult your Employment Service SNAP E&T Provider if there are questions about the SNAP recipient is available to participate in SNAP E&T activities.

In some cases more than one SNAP unit member can claim this child under age 6 work registration exemption.

The unit members may designate which person will use this exemption, but may not change the person designated until the next recertification period. This exemption ends the month after the child turns 6.

Document in MAXIS CASE/NOTEs the conversation with the client and that they meet this work registration exemption. Place the detailed documentation of the exemption in the case file including the child’s name, birthdate, and the number of hours and days per week that care of the child under age 6 is provided by the work registrant.

Employed or self-employed and meets 1 of the provisions below:

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Working at least 30 hours per week (regardless of wage level).

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Receiving earnings at least equal to 30 hours a week at the federal minimum wage.

This provision includes migrant or seasonal farm workers under contract to begin employment within 30 days. The county agency may use a monthly average of these weekly requirements. For self-employed participants working less than 30 hours per week, the county agency will use the participant’s net weekly income (net profit after expenses).

Receiving or have applied for Unemployment Insurance (UI) and are registered for work with the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development. The participant must show proof of receipt of UI or documentation of application for UI.

Enrolled as a student at least half-time in a recognized school, training program, or institution of higher learning and is eligible under the provisions of 0011.18 (Students). This includes participants attending high school at least half-time, but does not include participants attending GED or English As a Second Language (ESL)/English Language Learning (ELL) training only. When determining if the person is enrolled half-time, use the school or program’s criteria for being enrolled half-time. A SNAP E&T participant who is placed in a training program under the provisions of an Employment Plan (EP) may use this provision to be exempt from SNAP E&T or ABAWD provisions if the employment and training program for low income units is operated by a state or local government.

Participating regularly in a drug addiction or alcohol treatment and rehabilitation program. There is no minimum weekly amount of time that a person must be attending. If the person is following the treatment and rehabilitation program plan, the exemption is available. This does NOT include participants in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or Narcotics Anonymous (NA).

Refugees receiving the Matching Grant Program. For additional information about the Matching Grant Program, see MATCHING GRANT PROGRAM in 0002.39 (Glossary: Lump Sum…). These persons are exempt due to participation in the intensive Employment & Training services and supports that the refugees receive.

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