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Person-centered practices

Page posted: 4/5/18

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Legal authority

42 CFR §441.725 (federal person-centered plan authority), Minn. Stat. Chapter 245D (HCBS service standards), Minn. R. 9544 (Positive Supports Rule), Minn. Stat. §256B.092 (DD Waiver), Minn. Stat. §256B.49 (BI, CAC and CADI waivers), Minn. Stat §256B.0915 (EW), Minn. Stat. §256B.0913 (AC), Minn. R. 9525.0004 to 9525.0036 (Rule 185), Minn. Stat. §256B.0924 (VA/DD TCM), Minn. Stat. 256B.0621, subd. 2-3, 6-10 (Relocation Service Coordination)


Person-centered practices and principles: A way of ensuring people who receive supports and services have the same rights and responsibilities as other people. This includes having control over their lives, making their own choices and contributing to the community in a way that makes sense for themselves. Person-centered practices include:

  • • Tools everyone can use to learn more about a person
  • • Person-centered planning
  • • Person-centered changes made in schools and human services settings.
  • Overview

    Minnesota is moving toward person-centered practices in all areas of service delivery. As a state, Minnesota strives to make sure everyone who receives long-term services and supports and mental health services can live, learn, work and enjoy life in the most integrated environment of their choice. The goal is for people to lead lives that are meaningful to them.

    To do this, we must have a person-centered support system that helps people:

  • • Build or maintain relationships with their families and friends
  • • Live as independently as possible
  • • Engage in productive activities, such as employment
  • • Participate in community life.
  • Protocol

    Lead agencies must use the Person-Centered, Informed Choice and Transition Protocol, DHS-3825 (PDF) to implement person-centered practices in support planning.

    Home and community-based service providers

    Home and community-based service providers are required to provide services in:

  • • Response to the person’s identified needs, interests, preferences and desired outcomes as specified in the person’s plan
  • • A manner consistent with the principles of person-centered service planning and delivery, self-determination, the most integrated environment and inclusive service delivery options.
  • Providers are also required to use positive supports in place of restrictive interventions. This includes:

  • • Incorporating the principles of person-centeredness into the services provided
  • • Evaluating with the person whether the services support the person’s preferences, daily needs and activities and accomplishment of the person’s desired outcomes.
  • Sources of person-centered practice requirements

    There are multiple sources requiring DHS to ensure home and community-based services are person-centered. These are:

    Additional resources

    Policy information

    CBSM – Employment
    Person-Centered, Informed Choice and Transition Protocol, DHS-3825 (PDF)

    DHS resources

    DHS – Person-centered practices
    TrainLink – Person-centered support planning resources for lead agencies
    TrainLink – Person-centered online resources

    Information and tools for exploration and planning

    Disability Hub MN
    What does person-centered mean for me? An introduction, DHS-6803 (PDF)

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