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Minnesota Department of Human Services MA Estate Recovery Manual
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DHS liens

The Minnesota Department of Human Services (DHS) files liens against real property interests to recover the amount Medical Assistance (MA) paid for certain services described in state and federal law. A lien is a legal right or interest that a creditor has in another person’s property until the creditor’s claim has been repaid or the lien expires. Real property includes land and buildings on land. DHS files two types of liens to secure repayment of MA:

  • 1. MA liens (also called TEFRA liens)
  • 2. Notices of potential claim (NPCs)
  • The DHS lien process is separate from local-agency-administered estate recovery, though a DHS lien can help secure a local agency’s claim against estate assets. If you put in reasonable effort to secure estate assets, DHS will release its lien from the real property and allow you to recover on the property.

    The guidance about liens in this manual pertains to only DHS liens. It does not pertain to liens in favor of a local agency that may result from probate.

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