Child Support – Recognition of Parentage

The Minnesota Voluntary Recognition of Parentage (DHS-3159a) (PDF) is a document that establishes a legal relationship between a man and a child when the man is not married to the child’s mother.

Signing a Recognition of Parentage is an easy and inexpensive alternative to getting a court order establishing the legal father.

Both parents must sign this form to make the man the legal father of the child. For more information, please view the Power of Two video before signing the Recognition of Parentage form.

Advantages for fathers who sign the Recognition of Parentage

Signing the Recognition of Parentage:

  • • Gives you the right to ask the court for parenting time (visitation) and custody
  • • Allows you to put your child on your medical and dental insurance to cover the child's health care needs
  • • Gives you the right to be notified of any adoption proceedings
  • • Allows your name to be on your child's birth record.
  • Advantages for mothers who sign the Recognition of Parentage

    Signing the Recognition of Parentage:

  • • Gives your child a legal father
  • • Gives you the right to ask for financial support, including basic support, medical and dental support and child care support for your child from the child's legal father
  • • Gives you the right to obtain medical information about the legal father.
  • Disadvantages of signing the Recognition of Parentage

    The Recognition of Parentage establishes a legal relationship between the child and the father, but it does not give a father custody or parenting time (visitation). By signing the Recognition of Parentage instead of going to court to establish parentage you give up your rights to:

  • • Have blood or genetic testing to prove whether the man is the biological father of the child
  • • Have an attorney represent you
  • • Have a trial to determine whether the man is the biological father of the child
  • Undoing a Recognition of Parentage

    Parents can undo a Recognition of Parentage or a Husband’s Non-paternity Statement (DHS-3159e) through a revocation within 60 days of signing the form.

    Within 60 days of signing the Recognition of Parentage or a Husband’s Non-paternity Statement, you can revoke it.  During the first 60 days, you can undo the Recognition of Parentage or Husband’s Non-paternity Statement by writing on a blank piece of paper that you are revoking it.  Your revocation must include the child's date of birth and name, your name, and the other parent's name.  You must sign a revocation in front of a notary public and then file it with the Office of Vital Records.

    You may also use a formal revocation form from your county child support office or from the Office of Vital Records Minnesota Voluntary Recognition of Parentage Revocation Form, DHS2159b PDF or Minnesota Husband’s Non-paternity Statement Revocation Form, DHS-3159e PDF).

    After 60 days, you cannot revoke the Recognition of Parentage or the Husband's Non-paternity Statement.  You will have to file a legal action asking the court to undo either or both the Recognition of Parentage and the Husband's Non-paternity Statement.  You have one year after the Recognition of Parentage was signed and filed to ask the court to undo it and the Husband’s Non-paternity Statement.  However, if you get blood or genetic tests that show that the man who signed the Recognition of Parentage is not the father of the child, you have six months after you get this information to ask the court to undo the Recognition of Parentage and the Husband's Non-paternity Statement.


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