The purpose of clinical supervision is to monitor, develop and improve a mental health practitioner’s performance by learning skills from a licensed mental health professional. The mental health practitioner meets regularly with the clinical supervisor to reflect and review clinical situations, treatment and support needs, service delivery and discuss other professional issues in a structured way.
Minnesota Rules 9505.0370 to 9505.0372 set the standards for clinical supervision about who can supervise and who requires supervision. These rules specify the duties and responsibilities of the supervisor, including the following:
• Accept full professional liability for the supervisee's direction of clients’ mental health services• Be employed by or under contract with the same agency as the supervisee• Develop a clinical supervision plan for each supervisee• Instruct supervisee and oversee the quality and outcome of supervisee’s work• Review, approve and sign the diagnostic assessment, Individual Treatment Plan (ITP) and ITP reviews created by supervisee• Review and approve the progress notes according to the supervisee’s supervision plan• Ensure that each supervisee receives the guidance and support needed to provide treatment services in areas where the supervisee practices and promote cultural competence• Establish an evaluation process that identifies the performance and competence of each supervisee• Promoting cultural competency by developing knowledge of cultural norms of behavior for individual clients in regards to the client’s cultural influences, age, class, gender, sexual orientation, literacy and mental or physical disability; addressing how one’s culture and privilege affect service delivery; developing ability to assess cultural competency and identify when consultation is required; and emphasizing a commitment to maintaining cultural competence as an ongoing process
This consultation process promotes better quality of care and improved clinical outcomes for children and youth. Competent clinical supervision is a critical aspect of developing new clinicians in having effective and culturally appropriate treatment strategies that match the needs recorded in the child’s diagnostic assessment. Also, clinical supervision is a useful tool in disseminating evidence-based practices. Following implementation, clinical supervision can reinforce the fidelity and effectiveness of a treatment program.
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