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To report suspected child abuse or neglect, contact your county or tribal social services agency or the police. If it is an emergency, call the police at 911. For general questions regarding child protection, email DHS at Dhs.Child.Safety-Permanency@state.mn.us.
For further information on:
Neglect is the most common form of maltreatment; over 60 percent of all reports in 2009 were allegations of neglect. Neglect is usually involves the failure of the child’s caregiver to:
Exposing a child to certain drugs during pregnancy and causing emotional harm to a child may also be considered neglect.
Physical abuse is any physical injury or threat of harm or substantial injury, inflicted by a caregiver upon a child other than by accidental means. The impact of physical abuse can range from minor bruises to severe internal injuries and death. Physical abuse does not include reasonable and moderate physical discipline of a child that does not result in an injury.
Mental injury is harm to the child’s psychological capacity or emotional stability evidenced by an observable and substantial impairment of the child’s functioning.
Sexual abuse is the subjection of a child to a criminal sexual act or threatened act by a person responsible for the child’s care or by a person who has a significant relationship to the child or is in a position of authority.
For additional information, Minnesota Statutes 626.556, the Reporting of Maltreatment of Minors Act, provides detailed definitions of child maltreatment.
The purpose of the Minnesota Child Maltreatment Screening Guidelines is to:
Call the county social service agency or the police where the child lives if you believe that a child is being hurt or neglected. To report suspected child abuse or neglect for American Indian children living on the Leech Lake or White Earth Reservations, contact your tribal child welfare agency (Leech Lake child protection: 218-335-8270, or www.llojibwe.org; White Earth child protection: 218-983-4647) or the police. Professionals whose jobs involve the care of children, such as doctors, teachers and ministers, are required by law to report suspected child abuse or neglect. Other people such as neighbors or relatives are encouraged to report if they think a child is being abused or neglect.
For more details about reporting: Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect: A Resource Guide for Mandated Reporters in English (PDF).
Mandated reporter training available
Workers in a number of professions, including health care, social services, psychological treatment, child care, education, corrections, law enforcement and clergy, are required to report suspected child maltreatment. To help mandated reporters better understand the law and reporting requirements, An Interactive Informational Guide for Mandated Reporting is available. This comprehensive training is organized in six modules: an overview of Minnesota’s child protection system, the intersection of poverty and neglect and a discussion of racial disparities, the basics of mandated reporting, physical abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. The training is flexible, allowing users to navigate to any module at any time. Visually impaired users can obtain the same information in this text-only document (PDF)
For information on the child protection process, including what happens when a report of child maltreatment is accepted by a county or tribe, see the brochure Families’ Guide to Child Protection English (PDF), Hmong (PDF), Somali (PDF), and Spanish (PDF).
The child protection system responds to situations where children are alleged to be maltreated, and it helps support families to safely care for their children. Their role is to assess for child safety, risk factors, and family strengths and needs. Sometimes the child protection agency determines that a family need services to help support them so they can safely care for their child. Services for families may include family counseling, parenting education, assistance in applying for financial benefits, helping a family access services such as early childhood or special education children, and/or helping the family meet basic need such as housing and food.
Each family is unique, so child protection workers assess what services, if any, the family needs, and makes every effort to provide the identified services that will best help that individual family, and in turn assure child safety. Family Assessment Response describes a comprehensive strength based approach to working with families in which there is a concern about child abuse or neglect. Family Investigations Response describes the process used when a child is in immediate or significant danger.
Each year, county and tribal child protection agencies throughout Minnesota respond to thousands of reports of maltreatment of children. In 2009, over 17,000 reports of child maltreatment were addressed by the child protection system. Approximately 70 percent of the reports received a family assessment, while the remainder received a family investigation. The Minnesota Department of Human Services works closely with state’s 87 counties and 11 American Indian tribes which provides direct services to families and children in the child protection system. More information is available in a fact sheet.
The purpose of child protection services is to help protect children from physical abuse, neglect, emotional abuse, and sexual abuse, and to help families get the services they need to end abusive behavior and/or provide for their children’s needs. The program is mandated by state and federal law (Minnesota Statute 626.556, the Reporting of Maltreatment of Minors Act, and CAPTA, the federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act).
Changes to Safe Place for Newborns take effect August 2012
In response to tragedies involving abandoned infants over the last several years, the Minnesota Department of Human Services and the state Legislature recognized the need to strengthen Minnesota’s Safe Place for Newborns law. The amended law allows a mother, or someone acting with her permission, to safely surrender her unharmed infant born within the past seven days to a designated safe place. A safe place includes a hospital, an urgent care facility during its hours of operation, or an ambulance that is dispatched in response to a 911 call. Previously, the law allowed for the safe surrender of infants born within 72 hours, and designated safe places were hospitals only. More information about Safe Place for Newborns is available in a news release, on a fact sheet and a reproducible flier.
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