Indian Child Welfare

The Minnesota Department of Human Service (department) is committed to improving safety, well-being and permanency outcomes for American Indian children. Services provided to American Indian children and their families are consistent with the federal Indian Child Welfare Act, Minnesota Indian Family Preservation Act and the Tribal State Agreement. Efforts to improve child welfare outcomes and reduce the disproportionate number of American Indian children in foster care are implemented in collaboration and consultation with Minnesota tribes and counties. This site shares information on current initiatives, laws, practice tools, training, funding, data and tribal and county contact information. See:

Best Practices for current information about state, local and tribal initiatives to improve Indian child welfare Laws for background on relevant state and federal laws that guide these efforts Grants and Grantees for information on programs supported by state and federal funding Reports for data on statewide child welfare outcomes Contacts for information on Minnesota’s counties and tribes.


The Minnesota Department of Human Services produces bulletins, fact sheets and other publications on a wide variety of human services issues.

You will need the Adobe Acrobat Reader to view, print, and save some of these publications which are in the Portable Document Format (PDF). For more information see the DHS PDF page.

Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) Active Efforts and Best Practices (PDF) Indian Child Welfare (ICWA) Manual (PDF)Indian Child Welfare (ICWA)/Minnesota Indian Family Preservation Act (MIFPA) Social Worker ChecklistMinnesota Tribal/State Agreement (PDF)


To learn more about the other American Indian organizations and providers here in Minnesota and nationally, view the following links:

National Indian Child Welfare Association
Native American Rights Fund

Indian Child Welfare Act Law Center

Indian Affair Council – State of Minnesota

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