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Child Support - Establishing orders
The child support office or a parent may ask the court to issue a support order. The support order may be an interim, temporary, permanent, or modified court order. It may be part of a divorce, paternity, child custody, or separate child support action, legal separation, or order for protection.
The court reviews both parents ability to provide financial support for their children when ordering a child support obligation. Child support includes basic support, medical support, and child care support.
Support orders may also address birth-related expenses and past child support for up to two years. In these situations, a parent may owe arrears when the order is signed.
In Minnesota, the court must address medical support. The court may order a parent to do one or more of the following when ordering medical support:
Child care support
The court must review child care expenses that occur when the parent the child lives with works or goes to school.
The court decides each parent’s portion of financial responsibility for child care support.
Basic support is for expenses relating to the child’s care, housing, food, clothing, and transportation. The amount is determined by applying the parent’s combined parental income for determining child support (PICS) and the number of joint children to the basic support guidelines table. The basic support obligation does not include payment towards arrears.
A court may consider the circumstances of the individuals involved and the child support guidelines for determining support when ordering an obligor to pay support.
The court reviews child support agreements between the parties to make sure the guidelines are applied correctly and the child support amounts are appropriate.
In some cases:
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