When a family requests child care assistance for a child, the child’s citizenship or immigration status can affect the child’s eligibility for child care assistance.
The child is the beneficiary of child care assistance benefits. Therefore, when child care is provided in a setting not subject to public educational standards, the CCAP agency must verify ONLY the citizenship and immigration status of the child for whom child care assistance is sought. Do not ask for citizenship or immigration information from anyone in the family other than the child for whom child care assistance is sought.
United States citizens are always eligible if they meet other eligibility criteria. Eligibility of non-citizens depends on the setting where child care will be provided and their United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) classification. See Chapter 7.12 (Verifying Citizenship and Immigration Status) for information on how to verify immigration status.
Citizenship and immigration status do not affect a non-citizen’s eligibility to participate in Head Start or non-postsecondary educational programs. Consequently, when child care assistance will be used to pay for child care in a setting subject to public educational standards, such as Head Start or a pre-kindergarten or a school-age care program operated under public education standards, citizenship or immigration status does not have to be determined or verified.
A child is not eligible for child care assistance if:
Non-citizens are people present in the United States who have not attained United States citizenship by birth or naturalization. Non-citizen children who are lawfully residing in the United States meet the technical requirement for immigration status. Non-citizens fall into the following broad categories:
Immigration status can change. Check with participants at appropriate intervals to see if the child’s status has changed. For example:
See Chapter 8.1.21 (Other Changes) for more information about how changes in immigration or citizenship status affect child care assistance.
Minnesota Rules 3400.0040
Minnesota Statutes 119B.025